Start of the study of Zechariah – Friday, 26 July 2013
These are my notes on our first lesson in Zechariah. If you want to hear the study in Ian’s own words Click here for the audio.
Zechariah is used extensively by the New Testament writers.
Zechariah puts the final notes if you will on the end times because of its prophecy of the Messiah.
Vs. 1: Significant that the date is based on the reign of a pagan king. There is no king in Israel to reference at this point. Dates in general are important because it pegs the prophecy within world history and aligns scripture with the dates of secular/historical literature.
A year before Daniel receives the vision of the 70 weeks in Dan. 9.
Haggai 2:20f – at the same time Zechariah gives a clear picture of this passage in Haggai. Haggai is writing at the same time as Zechariah (within two months, Hag. 1:1).
Daniel, Zechariah and Haggai are all contemporaries. Israel is back in the land but they are not being diligent to what God demands.
Zechariah means “the Lord Remembers” – important when you recall they had just returned to the land.
Vs. 2 – “very angry” – emphatic, what follows is a summary of why the are in exile. Even those who returned heart was not where it was supposed to be. Even more so when one considered a the small amount of those that returned to Israel from exile.
Vs. 3 “Therefore” because of God’s anger. “Lord of Host” used by the post exilic prophets. Zechariah uses the most of all. NET translates it as “The Lord Who Rules Overall.” Why does Hebrew use “hosts”? It is a military term, we miss this because we often view Christ through the picture of a hippie and not the commander of armies – see Josh 5:13-15.
“Return to me” – used by Jeremiah, “repent.” It is important to note that Zechariah is using covenantal language. To turn from the Lord means breaking covenant with him by turning toward evil ways and evil practices. From a long range perspective this will not fully happen until Isaiah 53.
Vs. 4 “return now” is a continuation of the covenant language in vs. 3.